Tier I Instruction

    TIER I INSTRUCTION


What Does Tier I Instruction Look Like?

In the Longmeadow Public Schools, Tier I instruction is characterized by a balanced approach. Balanced instruction is not a specific program or set of resources but rather a repertoire of effective pedagogical practices that include a balance of the following:

    • Explicit teaching of skills and strategies used by proficient readers, writers, and problem-solvers
    • Literature-rich classrooms where readers choose, read, and respond to authentic literature and informational text
    • Whole class, small-group, and 1:1 instruction for all students
    • Teacher-selected and student-selected texts, topics, problems, learning goals, and learning tools

In the elementary grades, Tier I approaches are highly structured while at the middle school level, instructional approaches are more dynamic. For example, the following components characterize balanced instruction in grades K-5


Readers' Workshop 
(45 minutes daily)

  • Mini lesson (explicit instruction and whole-class guided practice)
  • Independent reading (during which the teacher facilitates guided reading, strategy groups, book clubs, small-group intervention, and conferring)


Read Aloud
(15 minutes daily)

  • Teacher read-aloud using high-quality literature
  • Pausing at deliberate points in the text for student response
  • Guided discussion of text
Writers' Workshop 
(45 minutes daily)

  • Mini lesson (explicit instruction and whole-class guided practice)
  • Independent writing (during which the teacher facilitates guided writing, strategy groups, small-group intervention, and conferring)



Math Workshop 
(45 minutes daily)

  • Mini lesson (explicit instruction and whole-class guided practice)
  • Independent problem solving (during which the teacher provides guided math, small-group intervention, and conferring)
Phonics/Word Study
(25 minutes daily)

  • Mini lesson (explicit instruction and whole-class guided practice)
  • Independent practice (during which the teacher provides small-group or 1:1 instruction or intervention)




At the middle school level, Tier I balanced instruction is dynamic and more fluid than the elementary model. The following diagram illustrates instruction along the continuum of gradual release of responsibility in middle school instruction for ELAmathsciencesocial studies, and foreign language: